POL.it POL.it banner POL.it banner POL.it banner POL.it banner logo feedback POL.it banner
spazio bianco


D. Marazziti, A. Gemignani, A. Milanfranchi, C. Pfanner, S. Presta, G.B.Cassano

Istituto di Psichiatria, Università degli Studi di Pisa




  1. ADAN RAH, COX J.J, BEISCHLAG T.V, BURBACH JPH. A composite hormone response element mediates the transactivation of the rat oxytocin gene by different classes of nuclear hormone receptors. Mol Endocrinol 1993; 7:47- 57.

  2. ALTEMUS M, PIGOTT T, KALOGERAS KT, et al. Abnormalities in the regulation of vasopressin and corticotropin releasing factor secretion in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992; 49:9-20.

  3. AMICO JA, SCHALLINOR S.M, CAMERON J.L. Pattern of oxytocin concentrations in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid of lactating rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta): Evidence for functionally independent oxytocinergic pathways in primates. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1990; 71:1531-1535.

  4. ANSSEAU M, LEGROS J.J, MORMONT C, et al. Intranasal oxytocin in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1987; 12:231-236.

  5. ARGIOLAS A. Oxytocin stimulation of penile erection: Pharmacology, site, and mechanism of action. In: Pedersen C.A, Caldwell J.D, Jirikowski G.F, Insel T.R (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:194-203.

  6. BARTON R. Diabetes insipidus and obsessional neurosis. Lancet 1965; 1:133-135.

    BARTON R. Diabetes insipidus and obsessional neurosis. Adv Biochem Psychopharmacol 1987; 43:347-349.

  7. BICKNELL R.J, LENG G, LINCOLN D.W, et al. Naloxone excites oxytocin neurones in the supraoptic nucleus of lactating rats after chronic morphine treatment. J Physiol 1988; 396:297-317.

  8. BOHUS B, URGAN I, VAN WIMERSMA GREIDANUS T.B, et al. Opposite effects of oxytocin and vasopressin on avoidance behavior and hippocampal theta rhythm in the rat. Neuropharmacology 1987; 17:239-247.

  9. BUIJS R. Intra and extrahypothalamic vasopressin and oxytocin pathways in the rat: Pathways to the limbic system, medulla oblongata and spinal cord. Cell Tissue Res 1978; 252:355-365.

  10. BURBACH J.P.H, ADAN RAM, DE BREE F.M. Regulation of oxytocin gene expression and forms of oxytocin in the brain. In: Pedersen CA, Caldwell JD, Jirikowski GF, Insel TR (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:1-13.

  11. BURBACH JPH, BOHUS B, KOVACS GL, et al. Oxytocin is a precursor of potent behaviorally active neuropeptide. Eur J Pharmacol 1983; 94:125-131.

  12. CAMERON JL, POMERANTZ SM, LAYDEN LM, et al. Dopaminergic stimulation of oxytocin concentrations in the plasma of male and female monkeys by apomorphine and D2 receptor agonist. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1992; 75:855-860.

  13. CAPSTICK N, SELDRUP J. Obsessional states: A study in the relationship between abnormalities occurring at the time of birth and the subsequent development of obsessional symptoms. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1977; 56:427-431.

  14. CARMICHAEL MS, HUMBERT R, DIXEN J, et. al. Plasma oxytocin increases in the human sexual response. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1987; 64:27-31.

  15. CARTER CS. Oxytocin and sexual behavior. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 1992; 16:131- 144.

  16. CARTER CS, WILLIAMS JR, WITT DM, et al. Oxytocin and social bonding. In: Pedersen CA, Caldwell JD, Jirikowski GF, Insel TR (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:204-211.

  17. CHARLES G, GUILLAUME R, SCHITTECATTE M, et al. Oxytocin in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. J Psychiatr Psychol 1989 4:111-115.

  18. CLARKE G, WOOD P, MERRICK L, et al. Opiate inhibition of peptide release from the neurohumoral terminals of hypothalamic neurons. Nature 1979; 282:746-748.

  19. COOMBES JE, ROBINSON ICAF, ANTON FA, et al. Release of oxytocin into blood and into cerebrospinal fluid induced by naloxone in anesthetized morphine- dependent rats: The role of the paraventricular nucleus. J Neuroendocrinol 1991; 3:551-561.

  20. CORNFORD EM, BRAUN LD, CRANE PD, et al. Blood-brain barrier restriction of peptides and the low uptake of enkephalin. Endocrinology 1978; 103:1297- 1303.

  21. DE BOER JA, WESTENBERG HGM. Oxytocin in obsessive compulsive disorder. Peptides 1992; 13:1083-1085.

  22. DE KLOET ER, ROTTEVEEL F, VOORHUIS AM, et al. Topography of binding sites for neurohypophyseal hormones in rat brain. Eur J Pharmacol 1985; 110:113-119.

  23. DE VRIES GJ, BUIJS RM. The origin of the vasopressinergic and oxytocinergic innervation of the rat brain with special reference to the laternal septum. Brain Res 1983; 273:307-317.

  24. DE WIED D. Long-term effect of vasopressin on the maintenance of a conditioned avoidance response in rats. Nature 1983; 232:58-60.

  25. DE WIED D, DIAMANT M, FODOR M. Central nervous system effects of neurohypohyseal hormones and related peptides. Front Neuroendocrinol 1993; 14:251-302.

  26. DOGTEROM J, VAN WIMERSMA GREIDANUS TB, SWAAB DF. Evidence for the release of vasopressin and oxytocin into cerebrospinal fluid: Measurements in Plasma and CSF in intact and hypophysectomized rats. Neuroendocrinology 1977; 24:108-118.

  27. DOLLARD J, MILLER NE. Personality and Psychotherapy. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950.

  28. DORIS PA. Vasopressin and central integrative processes. Prog Neuroendocrinol 1984; 38:75-85.

  29. DU VIGNEAUD V, RESSLER C, TRIPPETT S. The sequence of amino acids in oxytocin, with a proposal for the structure of oxytocin. J Biol Chem 1953; 205:949-957.

  30. ELANDS J, BEETSMA A, BARBERIS C, et al. Topography of the oxytocin receptor system in rat brain: An autoradiographical study with a selective radioiodinated oxytocin antagonist. J Clin Neuroanat 1988; 1:293-302.

  31. FHARBACH SE, MORRELL JL, PFAFF DW. Oxytocin induction of short-latency maternal behavior in nulliparous, estrogen-primed female rats. Horm Behav 1984a; 18:267-286.

  32. FAHRBACH SE, MORRELL JL, PFAFF DW. Possible role for endogenous oxytocin in estrogen facilitated maternal behavior in rats. Neuroendocrinology 1984b; 40:526-532.

  33. FLIERS E, GULDENAAR ESF, VAN DER WAL N, et al. Extrahypothalamic vasopressin and oxytocin in the human brain: Presence of vasopressin cells in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Brain Res 1986; 375:363-367.

  34. FREUND-MERCIER MJ, RICHARD P. Electrophysiological evidence for facilitatory Control of oxytocin neurones by oxytocin during suckling in the rat. J Physiol 1984; 352:447-466.

  35. FREUND-MERCIER MJ, STOECKEL ME, PALACIOS JM, et al. Pharmacological characteristics and anatomical distribution of [3H]oxytocin-binding sites in the Wistar rat brain studied by autoradiography. Neuroscience 1987; 20:599-614.

  36. GRAINER H, WRAY S. Oxytocin and vasopressin: From genes to peptides. In: Pedersen CA, Caldwell JD, Jirikowski GF, Insel TR (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:14-28.

  37. HASTINGS MH. Neuroendocrine rhythms. Pharmacol Ther 1991; 50:435-71.

  38. HATTON GI, TWEEDLE CD. Magnocellular neuropeptidergic neurons in hypothalamus: Increases in membrane apposition and number of specialized synapse from pregnancy to lactation. Brain Res Bull 1982; 8:197-204.

  39. HATTON GI, YANG QZ, COBBETT P. Dye coupling among immunocytochemically identified neurons in the supraoptic nucleus: Increased incidence in lactating rat. Neuroscience 198; 21:923-930.

  40. HODGSON R, RACHMAN S. The effects of contamination and washing in obsessional patients. Behav Res Ther 1972; 10:111-117.

  41. HOLLANDER E, DeCARIA CM, NITESCU A, et al. Serotonergic function in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992; 49:21-28.

  42. IBRAGIMOV R, KOVACS GL, SZABO G, et al. Microinjection of oxytocin into limbic and mesolimbic brain structures disrupts heroin self-administration behavior: A receptor-mediated event. Life Sci 1987; 41:1265-1271.

  43. INSEL TR. Oxytocin-A neuropeptide for affilitation: Evidence from behavioral, receptor, autoradiographic, and comparative studies. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1992a; 12:3-35.

  44. INSEL TR. Toward a neuroanatomy of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992b; 49:739-744.

  45. INSEL TR, SHAPIRO LE. Oxytocin receptor distribution reflects social organization in monogamous and polygamous voles. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1992; 89:5981-5985.

  46. INSEL TR, WINSLOW JT. Central administration of oxytocin modulates the infant rat’s response to social isolation. Eur J Pharmacol 1991; 203:149-152.

  47. INSEL TR, YOUNG L, WITT DM, Crews D (in stampa). Gonadal steroids have paradoxical effects on brain oxytocin receptors. Nature.

  48. IVANYI T, WEIGANT VM, DE WEIG D. Differential effects of emotional and physical stress on the central and peripheral secretion of neurohyphophysial hormones in male rats. Life Sci 1991; 48:1309-1316.

  49. JONES PM, ROBINSON ICAF. Differential clearance of neurophysin and neurohypophysial peptides from the cerebrospinal fluid in conscious guinea pigs. Neuroendocrinology 1982; 34:297-302.

  50. KAWARABAYASHI T, KURIYAMA K, NAKASHIMA T, et al. Oxytocin modulates oxytocin neurons in the paraventricular nuclei of female rats throughout pregnancy and parturition. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993; 168:969-974.

  51. KENDRICK KM, KEVERNE EB. Control of synthesis and release of oxytocin in the sheep brain. In: Pedersen CA, Caldwell JD, Jirikowski GF, Insel TR (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:102-121.

  52. KENDRICK KM, KEVERNE EB, BALDWIN BA, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid levels of acetylocholinesterase, monoamines and oxytocin during labour, parturition, vaginocervical stimulation, lamb separation, and suckling in sheep. Neuroendocrinology 1986; 44:149-156.

  53. KIMURA T, TANIZAWA O, MORI K, et al. Structure and expression of a human oxytocin receptor. Nature 1992; 356:526-529.

  54. KOVACS GL, BORTHAISER Z, TELEGDY G. Oxytocin reduces heroin self-administration in heroin-tolerant rats. Life Sci 1985; 37:17-26.

  55. KRINGLEN E. Obsessional neurotics: A long-term follow-up. Br J Psychiatry 1965; 111 :709-722.

  56. KURIYAMA K, NAKASHIMA T, KAWARABAYASHI T, et al. Oxytocin inhibits nonphasically firing supraoptic and paraventricular neurons in the virgin female rats. Brain Res Bull 1993; 416:364-368.

  57. LAND H, GREZ M, RUPPERT S, et al. Deduced amino acid sequence from the bovine oxytocin-neurophysin I precursor cDNA. Nature 1983; 302:342-344.

  58. LECKMAN JF, WALKER DE, GOODMAN WK, et al. "Just right" perceptions associated with compulsive behavior in Tourette’s syndrome. Am J Psychiatry 1994; 151:675-680.

  59. LINCOLN DW, FRASER HM, LINCOLN GA, et al. Hypothalamic pulse generators. In: Recent Progress in Hormone Research, vol. 41. Academic Press, New York, 1985:369.419.

  60. LOUP F, TRIBOLLET E, DUBOIS-DAUPHIN M., et al. Localization of high-affinity binding sites for oxytocin and vasopressin in the human brain: An autoradiographic study. Brain Res 1991; 220-232.

  61. LOUP F, TRIBOLLET E, DUBOIS-DAUPHIN M, et al. Localization of oxytocin binding sites in the human brainstem and upper spinal cord: An autoradiographic study. Brain Res 1989; 500:223-230.

  62. MEISENBERG GG, SIMMONS WH. Behavioural effects of intracerebroventricularly administered neurohypophyseal hormone analogs in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1982; 16:819-825.

  63. MELIS MR, ARGIOLAS A, STANCAMPIANO R, et al. Effect of apomorphine on oxytocin concentrations in different brain areas and plasma of male rats. Eur J Pharmacol 1990; 182:101-107.

  64. MEMS WBJ, WITTER A, VAN WIMERSMA GREIDANUS TB. Penetration of neurohypophyseal hormones from plasma into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF): Half- times of disappearance of these neuropeptides from CSF. Brain Res 1983; 262:143-149.

  65. MILLER NE. Learning of visceral and glandular responses. Science 1969; 163:434- 445.

  66. MINEKA S. Animal models of anxiety based disorders: Their usefulness and limitations. In: Tuma AH, Maser JD (Eds). Anxiety and the Anxiety Disorders. Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers, Hillsdale, NJ, 1985:199-244.

  67. MODNEY BK, HATTON GI. Multiple synapse formation: A possible compensatory mechanism for increased cell size in rat supraoptic nucleus. J Neuroendocrinol 1989; 1:21-27.

  68. MONTAGNESE CM, POULAIN DA, VINCENT J-D. Structural plasticity in the rat supraoptic nucleus during gestation, postpartum lactation and suckling-induced pseudogestation and lactation. J Endocrinol 1987; 115:97-105.

  69. MOOS F, FREUND-MERCIER MJ, GUERNE Y. Release of oxytocin and vasopressin by magnocellular nuclei in vitro: Specific facilitatory effect of oxytocin on its own release. J Endocrinol 1984; 102:63-72.

  70. MOWRER OH. Learning Theory and Behavior. John Wiley and Sons, New York. Muhlethaler M, Swayer WH, Manning MM, Dreifuss JJ. Characterization of a uterine-type oxytocin receptor in the rat hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1960; 80:6713-6717.

  71. MURPHY MR, CHECKLEY SA, SECKL JR. Naloxone inhibits oxytocin release at orgasm in man. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1990; 71:1056-1058.

  72. MURPHY MR, SECKL JR, BURTON S, et al. Changes in oxytocin and vasopressin secretion during sexual activity in men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1987; 65:738-741.

  73. PEDERSEN CA. The psychiatric significance of oxytocin. In: Nemeroff CA (Ed). Neuropeptides and Psychiatric Disorders. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, 1987:131-148.

  74. PEDERSEN CA, ASCHER JA, MONROE YL. Oxytocin induces maternal behavior in virgin female rats. Science 1982; 216:649-684.

  75. PEDERSEN CA, CALDWELL JD, JIRIKOWSKI GF. Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol 652. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992.

  76. PEDERSEN CA, PRANGE AJ, jr. Induction of maternal behavior in virgin rats after intracerebroventricular administration of oxytocin. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1979; 76:6661-6665.

  77. PERLMUTTER LS, TWEEDLE CD, HATTON GI. Neuronal/glial plasticity in the supraoptic dendritic zone: Dendritic bundling and double synapse formation at parturition. Neuroscience 1984; 13:769-779.

  78. PERLOW MJ, REPPERT SM, ARTMAN HA. Oxytocin vasopression, and estrogen-stimulated neurophysin: Daily patterns of concentration in cerebrospinal fluid. Science 1982; 216:1416-1418.

  79. PETERSON BS, LECKMAN JF, SCAHILL L, et al. Hypothesis: Steroid hormones and sexual dimorphisms modulate symptom expression in Tourette’s syndrome. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1992; 17:553-563.

  80. POLLITT J. Natural history of obsessional states. Br Med J 1957; 26:194-198.

  81. RACHMAN S, DE SILVA P, ROPER G. The spontaneous decay of compulsive urges. Behav Res Ther 1976; 14:445-453.

  82. RACHMAN SJ, HODGSON RJ. Obsessions and Compulsions. Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1980.

  83. RHODES CH, MORRELL JI, PFAFF DW. Distribution of estrogen-concentrating, neurophysin-containing magnocellular neurons in the rat hypothalamus as demonstrated by a technique combining steroid autoradiography and immunohistology in the same tissue. Neuroendocrinology 1981a; 33:18-23.

  84. RHODES CH, MORRELL JL, PFAFF DW. Immunohistochemical analysis of magnocellular elements in rat hypothalamus: Distribution and numbers of cells containing neurophysin, oxytocin, and vasopressin. J Comp Neurol 1981b; 198:45-64.

  85. RIDDELL DC, MALLONEE R, PHILLIPS JA, et al. Chromosomal assignment of human sequences encoding arginine vasopressinneurophysin II and growth hormone releasing factor. Somatic Cell Mol Genet 1985; 11:189-195.

  86. ROPER G, RACHMAN S. Obsessional checking: Experimental replication and development. Behav Res Ther 1976; 14:25-32.

  87. ROPER G, RACHMAN S, HODGSON R. An experiment on obsessional checking. Behav Res Ther 1973; 11:271-277.

  88. RUSSELL JA, GOSDEN RG, HUMPHREYS EM, et al. Interruption of parturition in rats by morphine: A result of inhibition of oxytocin secretion. J Endocrinol 1988; 121:521-536.

  89. SAHGAL A. A critique of the vasopressin-memory hypothesis. Psychopharmacology 1984; 83:215-228.

  90. SALZBERG AD, SWEDO SE. Oxytocin and vasopressin in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry 1992; 149:713-714.

  91. SCHULZ H, KOVACS GL, TELEGDY G. The effect of vasopressin and oxytocin on avoidance behavior in rats. In: Endroczi E (Ed). Cellular and Molecular Bases of Neuroendocrine Processes. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, 1976:555-564.

  92. SCHUMACHER M, COIRINI H, PFAFF DW, et al. Behavioral effects of progesterone associated with rapid modulation of oxytocin receptors. Science 1990; 250:691-694.

  93. SHAPIRO LE, INSEL TR. Ontogeny of oxytocin receptors in rat forebrain: A quantitative study. Synapse 1989; 4:259-266.

  94. SMYTH DG. Acetylation of amino and tyrosine hydroxyl groups. J Biol Chem 1967; 242:1592- 1598.

  95. SOFRONIEW MV, WEINDL A. Central nervous system distribution of vasopressin, oxytocin, and neurophysin. In: Martinez JL, Jensen RA, Mesing RB, Rigter H, McGraugh JL (Eds). Endogenous Peptides and Learning and Memory Processes. Academic Press, New York, 1981:327-369.

  96. SPRUIJT BM, VAN HOOFF J, GISPEN WH. Ethology and neurobiology of grooming behavior. Physiol Rev 1992; 72:825-852.

  97. SUMMY-LONG JY, MILLER DS, ROSELLA-DAMPMAN LM, et al. A functional role for opioid peptides in the differential secretion of vasopressin and oxytocin. Brain Res 1984; 309:362-366.

  98. SWANSON LW, KUYPERS HGJM. The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus: Cytoarchitectonic subdivisions and organization of projections to the pituitary, dorsal vagal complex, and spinal cord as demonstrated by retrograde fluorescence double-labeling methods. J Comp Neurol 1980; 194:555-570.

  99. SWANSON LW, SAWCHENKO PE. Hypothalamic integration: Organization of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. Annu Rev Neurosci 1983; 6:269-324.

  100. SWEDO SE, LEONARD HL, KRUESI MJP, et al. Cerebrospinal fluid neurochemistry in children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992a; 49:29-36.

  101. SWEDO SE, PIETRINI P, LEONARD HL, et al. Cerebral glucose metabolism in childhood-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder: Revisualization during pharmacotherapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1992b; 49:690-694.

  102. TEASDALE JD. Learning models of obsessional-compulsive disorder. In: Beech HR (Ed). Obsessional States. Methuen & Co, Ltd, London, 1974:197-229.

  103. THEODOSIS DT, POULAIN DA. Evidence for structural plasticity in the supraoptic nucleus of the rat hypothalamus in relation to gestation and lactation. Neuroscience 1984; 11:183-193.

  104. TRIBOLLET E, AUDIGIER S, DUBOIS-DAUPHIN M, et al. Gonadal steroids regulate oxytocin receptors but not vasopressin receptors in the brain of male and female rats: An autoradiographical study. Brain Res 1990; 511:129-140.

  105. TRIBOLLET E, DUBOIS-DAUPHIN M, DREIFUSS JJ. Oxytocin receptors in the central nervous system. In: Pedersen CA, Caldwell JD, Jirikowski GF, Insel TR (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:29-38.

  106. TRIBOLLET E, GOUMAZ M, RAGGENBASS M, et al. Early appearance and transient expression of vasopressin receptors in the brain of rat futus and infant: An autoradiographical and electrophysiological study. Dev Brain Res 1991; 58:13-24.

  107. TWEEDLE CD, HATTON GI. Synapse formation and disappearance in adult rat supraoptic nucleus during different hydration states. Brain Res 1984; 309:373-376.

  108. VAN DE KAR LB. Neuroendocrine pharmacology of serotonergic (5-HT) neurons. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 1991; 31:289-320.

  109. VAN DER KOLK BA, VAN DER HART O. Pierre Janet and the breakdown of adaptation in psychological trauma. Am J Psychiatry 1989; 146:1530-1540.

  110. VAN REE JM. Reward and abuse: Opiates and neuropeptides. In: Engel J, Oreland L (Eds). Brain Reward Systems and Abuse. Raven Press, New York, 1987:75-88.

  111. VAN WIMERSMA GREIDANUS TB, KROODSMA JM, POT MLH, et al. Neurohypophyseal hormones and excessive grooming behavior. Eur J Pharmacol 1990; 187:1-8.

  112. WAGNER CK, CLEMENS LG. Neurophysin-containing pathway from the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus to a sexually dimorphic motor nucleus in the lumbar spinal cord. J Comp Neurol 1993, 336:106-116.

  113. WINSLOW JT, INSEL TR. Social status in pairs of squirrel monkeys determines the behavioural response to central oxytocin administration. J Neurosci 1991; 11:2032-2038.

  114. WITT DM, INSEL TR. Central oxytocin antagonism decreases female reproductive behavior. In: Pedersen CA, Caldwell JD, Jirikowski GF, Insel TR (Eds). Oxytocin in Maternal, Sexual, and Social Behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York, 1992:445-447.

  115. YAMASHITA H, OKUYA S, INENAGA K, et al. Oxytocin predominantly excites putative oxytocin neurons in the rat supraoptic nucleus in vitro. Brain Res 1987; 416:364-368.

  116. YANG OZ, HATTON GI. Dye coupling among supraoptic nucleus neurons without dendrite damage: Differential incidence in nursing mother and virgin rats. Brain Res Bull 1987; 19:559-565

  117. YOSHIMURA R, KIYAMA H, KIMURA T, et al. Localization of oxytocin receptor messenger ribonucleic acid in rat brain. Endocrinology 1993; 133:1239- 1246.

spazio bianco


spazio bianco

Priory lodge LTD

Click Here!

© POL.it 2000 All Rights Reserved